Preliminary evaluations of the Gang Reduction Program (GRP) – a $10 million, multi-year federal initiative to reduce gang crime in Los Angeles, Milwaukee, North Miami Beach, Fla., and Richmond, Va. – show significant implementation successes from 2003 to 2007.
The effects of the program in each site were mixed. Only Los Angeles showed a significant reduction in crime levels, with serious violence, gang-related incidents, gang-related serious violence and citizen reports of shots fired all decreasing after the implementation of GRP there. In Milwaukee and North Miami Beach, no significant changes were found after GRP implementation, and in Richmond, modest increases in serious violence and gang-related measures were found after implementation.
By late 2007, Los Angeles, North Miami Beach and Richmond had all taken significant steps toward sustaining the GRP beyond the initial demonstration funding provided by the U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Free, 553 pages. (202) 833-7200, http://www.urban.org/publications/411692.html.