Author(s): National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
Published: Sept. 17, 2018
“What is the extent of computer access for students across the nation? How are they using computers in their classrooms? Do computer access and use appear to be related to student success in schools? How do access and use vary across students’ characteristics?
Whether one is sending emails or searching the Internet, computer access and use have become vital to many people’s daily lives. Computer access and use have also become an integral part of many students’ and teachers’ learning and instruction in school. However, access to computers may vary among students from different socioeconomic backgrounds. In addition, while computer use presents opportunities to enhance learning and instruction, it also presents a number of challenges. To better understand these opportunities and challenges, it is important to understand how computers are specifically used by students and teachers during the learning and instructional processes. This report examines these issues within the context of the 2015 NAEP mathematics and reading assessments.
As part of the 2015 NAEP assessments, students answered a survey question about their access to computers (i.e., desktop and laptop computers) at home, and teachers answered a survey question about the availability of computers for them and their students in school. Additionally, students and teachers answered questions about their use of computers for classroom learning and instruction. This special report takes an in-depth look at their responses, providing additional information with the 2015 NAEP achievement results…”