The Stimulus and Youth

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Below is a look at how the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 will affect funding for youth services in federal departments. The final amounts are listed first, then the amounts in earlier proposals from the House and Senate.

Who Gets Stimulus Jobs?
Most of the jobs created by the new economic stimulus package will require some type of post-secondary education or training, according to a new study - the results of which provide ammunition for both proponents and critics of the movement to get more young people to attend college. Some observers dispute the estimates.

That story and links to charts from the report are HERE.

The stimulus funds are separate from the regular federal budget and are to be spent over various periods of time. For context, fiscal 2008 funding is cited for some of the programs. Congress has not passed a fiscal 2009 budget.

Child Nutrition Programs

$100 million for equipment assistance to the National School Lunch Program.

House proposal: No mention.

Senate proposal: $100 million.

Fiscal 2008 Child Nutrition Programs: $8.2 billion.

Also …

Section 702 of the Act directs that the “Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture shall utilize, where practicable, the Public Lands Corps, Youth Conservation Corps, Student Conservation Association, Job Corps and other related partnerships with federal, state, local, tribal or nonprofit groups that serve young adults.”

• At least $65 million for AmeriCorps’ Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA).

Fiscal 2008 AmeriCorps: $257 million.

Fiscal 2008 VISTA: $89 million.

School Improvement Programs (under Title II)

$720 million for School Improvement Programs for educational enhancement. Funding for 21st Century Community Learning Centers comes from this area.

House proposal: $1 billion.

Senate proposal: $1.07 billion.

Fiscal 2008 Title II School Improvement Programs: $4.7 billion.

Education for Homeless Children

Within the amount for School Improvement Programs, $70 million is allocated for the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program. Each state will be provided a grant proportionate to the number of homeless students identified during the 2007-08 academic year, relative to the number of homeless children in the nation during that year. States will award subgrants to local educational agencies, either competitively or by using a formula based on the number of homeless students identified in each school district.

House proposal: $66 million.

Senate proposal: $70 million.

Fiscal 2008 Education for Homeless Children and Youth: $64 million.

Student Financial Assistance

$15.8 billion for Student Financial Assistance, including $15.64 billion for Pell Grants (plus $1.47 billion in “mandatory” Pell funding) and $200 million for Work-Study. This will bring the maximum Pell Grant award to $5,350 per student for the 2009-10 school year.

House proposal: $16.1 billion.

Senate proposal: $13.9 billion.

Fiscal 2008 Pell Grants: $15.4 billion.

Fiscal 2008 Work-Study: $982 million.

Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program

$87 billion to boost the federal contribution to states over the next nine fiscal quarters. Nearly two-thirds of the funding will be distributed to states under the current distribution formulas, and the remainder will be distributed based on each state’s growth in its unemployment rate.

Children and Families Services Programs

$3.1 billion for Children and Families Services Programs, available to the states immediately.

House proposal: $3.2 billion.

Senate proposal: $1.25 billion.

Fiscal 2008: $8.2 billion.

Within this amount:

Head Start – $1 billion, to be allocated according to the current statutory formula. The additional funds are expected to sustain Head Start grantees (with fiscal 2009 awards) through fiscal 2010.

House proposal: $1 billion.

Senate proposal: $500 million.

Fiscal 2008 Head Start: $6.9 billion.

Early Head Start – $1.1 billion, to be awarded on a competitive basis. The funds are expected to “sustain fiscal year 2009 awards through fiscal year 2010.”

House proposal: $1.1 billion.

Senate proposal: $550 million.

Fiscal 2008 Early Head Start: Exact amount unspecified.

Community Services Block Grants – $1 billion, available immediately. States are required to reserve 1 percent of the block grant for benefit coordination services, and must distribute the remaining funds directly to local entities.

House proposal: $1 billion.

Senate proposal: $200 million.

Fiscal 2008 Community Services Block Grants: $654 million.

• $50 million to “establish a new initiative to award capacity-building grants directly to nonprofit organizations,” rather than allocating money to the existing Compassion Capital Fund account. The purpose is to “expand the delivery of social services to individuals and communities affected by the economic downturn.” Grantees must have “clear and measurable goals, and must be able to evaluate the success of their program.”

House proposal: $100 million for the Compassion Capital Fund.

Senate: Not mentioned.

Fiscal 2008 Compassion Capital Fund: $53 million.

Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants

$2 billion to be allocated by formula to state and local law enforcement agencies to help “prevent, fight and prosecute crime,” including juvenile crime.

House proposal: $3 billion.

Senate proposal: $1.2 billion.

Fiscal 2008 Byrne Justice Assistance Grants: $175 million.

Byrne Competitive Grants

$225 million for peer-reviewed grants to state, local and tribal governments, and to national, regional and local nonprofit organizations, to “prevent crime, improve the administration of justice, provide services to victims of crime, support critical nurturing and mentoring of at-risk children and youth, and for other similar activities.”

House proposal: No mention.

Senate proposal: $300 million.

Fiscal 2008 Byrne competitive grants: $225 million.

Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program

$50 million “to help state and local law enforcement agencies enhance investigative responses to offenders who use the Internet, online communication systems, or other computer technology to sexually exploit children.”

House proposal: No mention.

Senate proposal: $50 million

Fiscal 2008: Funding for the ICAC and for Missing and Exploited Children was rolled into the Child Safety and Juvenile Justice Program. Although $254 million was requested for that program, it was not funded. In fiscal 2007, the Missing and Exploited Children program received $58 million, which included funding for ICAC.

Labor

Workforce Investment Act, State Formula Grants

$1.2 billion allotted to services for youth. The House-Senate conference committee included language that indicates the funds are to be used “to create summer employment opportunities for youth” and that “work readiness performance indicator[s]” should be used to evaluate those activities. The committee also envisioned funds providing for “year-round youth activities” and the extension of eligibility for such services to age 24, “to reach young adults who have become disconnected from both education and the labor market.”

House and Senate proposals: $1.2 billion.

Fiscal 2008 Services to Youth: $983 million.

YouthBuild

$50 million.

House proposal: $50 million.

Senate proposal: $100 million.

Fiscal 2008: $50 million.

Job Corps

$250 million for Job Corps, for the construction and modernization of Job Corps residential facilities, and to allow Job Corps “to move forward on a number of ready-to-go rehabilitation and construction projects, including those where competitions have already been concluded.” The law makes a portion of the funds available for operational needs.

House proposal: $300 million.

Senate proposal: $160 million.

Fiscal 2008 Job Corps: $1.6 billion.