Youth Today Breakdown of State Spending on Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice and Youth

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Last Updated: August 15

Since the U.S. economy went into a tailspin in 2008, states have faced tough choices on spending. Significant budget shortfalls, brought on in part by declines in tax revenue, left states as diverse as Arizona and Connecticut with multi-billion dollar spending gaps.

The recession has already forced casualties in youth-related spending; Arizona, for example, eliminated its State Children’s Health Insurance Program in 2010 to address its shortfall.

This is the first year since the depth of the recession in which states were forced to set budgets that could not lean in any way on federal money from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The act infused money into the human services and workforce development accounts of states, which prevented more drastic reductions in services during a period when unemployment soared.

With ARRA funding mostly wrapped up, and federal spending set to decline for a second consecutive year, state spending on youth in 2011 will play a much larger role in providing services for disadvantaged youth around the country.

This is Youth Today’s evolving collection of facts and figures on 2011 and 2012 youth-related spending in each state. Our mission is to capture as much information as possible about youth-related spending decisions at the state level, and the effect those decisions will have on programs and services providers at the ground level. 

We will do our best to update this information regularly, based on our own research and reporting, but Youth Today also welcomes the input and intelligence of our readers in this project. Please e-mail us with any information about these subjects, and make sure to cite where you learned about it:

-Specific statistics on cuts made to youth services in your state.
-Information about the impact of such cuts: layoffs, program eliminations, declines in the number of youth or families served.
-News about youth spending that was protected from budget cuts, and how that was accomplished.
-Any youth-related spending proposals for 2012.

+UPDATED 8/2/2011

Alabama
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $108,004,335
Fiscal 2011: $109,126,854 (+1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $17,070,209
Fiscal 2011: $18,376,806 (+7.7 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,375,511
Fiscal 2011: $1,405,909 (+2.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs (Head Start and Infant and Toddler Services): info not provided
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $126,450,055
Fiscal 2011: $128,909,597 (+1.9 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare

Department of Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention:
FY 2010: $1,274,370
FY 2011: $1,059,143
FY 2012: $272,755 (-74.25 percent)
Department of Children’s Affairs:
FY 2010: $409,353
FY 2011: $398,308
FY 2012: $272,754 (-31.52 percent)

Source: Legislative Fiscal Office of Alabama

Notes:
These figures include only the state’s share of services for child abuse prevention and children’s affairs; not the funds provided by the federal government for those services. Gov. Robert Bentley (R) included no money for either department in his 2012 proposal.  

Alaska
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $32,694,805
Fiscal 2011: $28,659,574 (-12.3 percent)
Prekindergarten: (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2010: $2,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $2,000,000 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $2,963,415
Fiscal 2011: $3,712,988 (+25.3 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $7,997,291
Fiscal 2011: $8,820,800 (+10.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $45,655,511
Fiscal 2011: $43,193,362 (-5.4 percent)

Arizona
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $109,930,600
Fiscal 2011: $148,489,000 (+35.1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $6,515,600
Fiscal 2011: $0 (-100 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $24,371,300
Fiscal 2011: $27,318,000 (+12.1 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $86,423,200
Fiscal 2011: $210,071,300
State Total :
Fiscal 2010: $227,240,700
Fiscal 2011: $385,878,300 (+69.8 percent)

Education

Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2011: $135,344,300
Fiscal 2012: $71,344,100
Source: Governor’s website

Notes:

Project Challenge, a life skills boot-camp program for high-school dropouts, was completely eliminated to reduce the budget by an additional $1.6 million. 

Family Services/Child Welfare

Child Care Subsidy:
Fiscal 2011: $13,700,000
Fiscal 2012: $0.
Source: Arizona Government enacted budget summary

Notes:

Nearly $1.5 billion in state and federal-matching funds was cut from health care for poor adults. The cuts will freeze enrollment for 30,000 poor parents, according to the Arizona Children’s Action Alliance. The cuts will also reduce Kids Care funding, which was previously used to provide affordable health care coverage for children of low-income working parents, by $11.8 million.

Juvenile Justice

Department of Juvenile Corrections:

Fiscal 2011: $57,148,100
Fiscal 2012: $50,590,000 ($6.558 million dollar cut)
Source: AZ Dept. of Juvenile Corrections

Notes:

Gov. Jan Brewer (R) had recommended the elimination of the Department of Juvenile Corrections in order to cut expenses, but legislators have authorized the continuation of the Department at least until July of 2012.

+UPDATED 7/27/2011

Arkansas

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $77,694,926
Fiscal 2011: $60,603,991 (-22 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $110,719,797
Fiscal 2011: $111,000000 (+.3 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $10,234,784
Fiscal 2011: $10392,000 (+1.5 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $
Fiscal 2011: $
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $198,649,507
Fiscal 2011: $181,995,991 (-8.4 percent)
Department of Human Services

FY2011:  $5,644,347,341
FY2012: $5,837,362,664
Division of Youth Services

 (Part of DHS) is in charge of juvenile justice (correctional facilities, treatment centers, and education for youth who have come into contact with juvenile justice system).
FY2011 Funded Budget: $60,113,955
FY2012 Operating Budget: $59,487,496 (-$626,459)
Child and Family Services (child welfare, foster care)
FY2011 Budget: $ 146,532,270
FY2012 Budget: $137,324,645 (-$9,207,625)
(Source: Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration)

+UPDATED 8/15/2011

California
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $2,670,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $2,240,000,000 (-16.1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $440,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $380,000,000 (-13.6 percent)
Home Visiting: (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2010: $
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $490,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $480,000,000 (-2 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $3,6000,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $3,100,000,000 (-13.9 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare

According to Debbie Raucher with the John Burton Foundation, child welfare was not cut in California for 2012. However, funding levels have not been restored to what they were when in 2009 then-Governor Schwarzenneger cut $80 million from child welfare.

There is still some concern because it was decided that child welfare would be realigned to county administration. The specific implementation for how this will work has not yet been established, Raucher said, and there is no guarantee that state level child welfare funds will be protected.

Juvenile Justice

Notes: California passed a budget in early July. It includes a significant realignment of the state’s criminal justice system, under which the state will fund counties to accommodate in their facilities some of the inmates who would historically have been incarcerated at state facilities.

Funding for a similar realignment of the juvenile justice system, which will likely end with the state completely getting out of juvenile incarceration, is on hold until next year. The expectation is that the state will close one of the four remaining state training schools this year and completely get out of the juvenile incarceration business in 2012, said Dan Macallair, executive director of the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice. 

About $350 million in state funding for youth crime prevention and facilities was preserved "at the 11th hour" of the budget process, said David Steinhart, a juvenile justice expert for a California organization called Commonweal.

From the California Budget Project: California’s budget for Fiscal 2011-12 is contingent upon revenues being approximately $4 billion higher than originally expected. If by December 15th the Director of Finance determines that these revenues have not materialized, additional budget cuts will be triggered, including $72 million from the Division of Juvenile Justice (by collecting “sliding scale” fees from counties) and $30 million from California Community Colleges.

+Updated 8/15
Colorado
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $114,775,882
Fiscal 2011: $90,062,264 (-21.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $73,270,335
Fiscal 2011: $70,701,717 (-3.5 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $12,865,409
Fiscal 2011: $15,298,323 (+18.9 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no info provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $200,911,626
Fiscal 2011: $176,062,304 (-12.4 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Division of Child Welfare:
Fiscal 2011: $420,000,000
Fiscal 2012: $417,900,000 (-$2.1 million, -.5%)

Notes:Funding for child welfare has declined $27.7 million (12.7%) since FY 2008-09.
(Source: Colorado Center on Law and Policy)

Connecticut
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $ (Info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $68,085,158
Fiscal 2011: $70,029,213 (2.9 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $14,891,459
Fiscal 2011: $14,890,556 ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $52,908,967
Fiscal 2011: $53,910,842 (1.9 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $135,885,584
Fiscal 2011: $138,830,621 (+2.2 percent)

Delaware
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $53,400,000
Fiscal 2011: $47,600,000 (-10.9 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $5,727,800
Fiscal 2011: $5,727,800 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,121,600
Fiscal 2011: $1,121,600 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $5,711,856
Fiscal 2011: $5,711,856 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $65,961,256
Fiscal 2011: $60,161,256 (-8.8 percent)

Florida
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $667,447,576
Fiscal 2011: $683,094,413 (+2.3 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $392,219,840
Fiscal 2011: $404,756,806 (+3.2 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,396,575
Fiscal 2011: $1,400,000 (+.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $29,308,242
Fiscal 2011: $30,209,226 (+3.1 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $1,090,372,233
Fiscal 2011: $1,119,460,445 (+2.7 percent)

+UPDATED 7/27/2011

Georgia
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $280,686,251
Fiscal 2011: $251,086,251 (-10.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:

Fiscal 2010: $341,715,959
Fiscal 2011: $355,016,656 (+3.9 percent)
Fiscal 2012: $300,632,586 (-$54,384,070, -15.3 percent)
(Georgia Budget and Policy Institute)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $622,402,210
Fiscal 2011: $606,102,907 (-2.6 percent)

Notes: 

Because of  cuts in Pre-K funding, the school year for this age group was shortened from 180 to 160 days and class sizes increased from 20 to 22 students while teacher salaries reduced by 10 percent. 

(Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Adoption Services, Child Welfare Services, Family Violence Services, Out-of-Home Care
:
Fiscal 2011 State Funds: $190,771,856 (With TANF: $415,588,316)
Fiscal 2012 State Funds: $185,004,133 (With TANF: $400,479,562)

Office of Residential Child Care:
Fiscal 2011 state funding for residential child care: $343,200 (With an additional $1,711,294 from TANF)
Fiscal 2012 state funding for residential child care: $0 ($2,193,862 from TANF)

Notes:
The cut in adoption and child welfare services was not drastic from 2011 to 2012, but it maintains a significantly lower total than the $275 million spent in 2009. At the Office of Residential Child Care, state funding for residential child care has been eliminated and replaced fully with TANF funds. Fiscal 2009 state funding for residential child care was $8,759,268

(Source: Georgia Budget and Policy Institute)

+UPDATED 7/27/2011
Hawaii
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $63,867,451
Fiscal 2011: $52,455,005 (-17.9 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no info provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,320,000
Fiscal 2011: $0 (-100 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $2,459,769
Fiscal 2011: $1,293,583 (-47.4 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $67,647,220
Fiscal 2011: $53,748,588 (-20.5 percent)

Notes: The Healthy Start program identifies at-risk families and provides home visitation services in order to prevent child maltreatment. Although 2008 Healthy Start funding totaled $15.6 million, this had declined to $1.5 million in 2011. The Department of Health believed Healthy Start to be a priority, so for the biennial 2012 and 2013 budget $3 million annually has been allocated to the program.

(Hawaii governor’s office)

+Updated 8/16
Idaho

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $23,532,100
Fiscal 2011: $27,182,900 (+15.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $8,143,240
Fiscal 2011: $8,140,704 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $1,500,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,500,000 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $33,175,340
Fiscal 2011: $36,823,604 (+11 percent)

Education
Community Colleges:

Fiscal 2010-2011: $25,027,800
Fiscal 2011-2012: $23,633,000
(Source: Idaho Voices for Children)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Child Welfare Services:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $54,430,300
Fiscal 2011-2012: $54,469,300
(Source: Idaho Voices for Children)

Juvenile Justice
Department of Juvenile Corrections:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $44,176,200
Fiscal 2011-2012: $47,113,100
(Source: Idaho Voices for Children)


Illinois

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $775,869,758
Fiscal 2011: $740,692,135 (-4.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $24,296,133
Fiscal 2011: $24,621,500 (+1.3 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent) (info not provided)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $800,165,891
Fiscal 2011: $765,313,635 (-4.4 percent)

Indiana
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $188,615,984
Fiscal 2011: $172,524,179 (-8.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $38,447,766
Fiscal 2011: $41,183,358 (+7.1 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $33,849
Fiscal 2011: $67,648 (+99.9 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $227,097,599
Fiscal 2011: $213,775,185 (-5.9 percent)

Iowa
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $116,098,475
Fiscal 2011: $117,835,162 (+1.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $50,600,000
Fiscal 2011: $71,500,000 (+41.3 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $791,559
Fiscal 2011: $738,203 (-6.7 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $29,195,153
Fiscal 2011: $26,467,472 (-9.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $196,685,187
Fiscal 2011: $216,540,837 (+10.1 percent)

+Updated 8/15
Kansas

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $100,618,691
Fiscal 2011: $104,179,169 (+3.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $5,824,380
Fiscal 2011: $6,257,726 (+7.4 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $31,100,472
Fiscal 2011: $33,081,227 (+6.4 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $11,750,786
Fiscal 2011: $11,750,787 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $149,294,329
Fiscal 2011: $155,268,909 (+4 percent)

Early Head Start (State Contribution)
Fiscal 2011: $3,452,626
Fiscal 2012: $66,584
(Source: Kansas official budget comparison report)

Education
After School Programs (Aid to Local Governments Funding):
Fiscal 2011: $187,500
Fiscal 2012: $0

Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice Authority
Fiscal 2011: $95,055,874
Fiscal 2012: $90,449,859
(Source: Kansas official budget comparison report)

+Updated 8/15
Kentucky
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $156,831,548
Fiscal 2011: $166,733,800 (+6.3 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $75,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $72,500,000 (-3.3 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $28,225,723
Fiscal 2011: $28,237,705 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $260,057,271
Fiscal 2011: $267,471,505 (+2.9 percent)

Juvenile Justice
Department of Juvenile Justice:
Fiscal 2008: $85,724,900
Fiscal 2011: $76,467,900
Fiscal 2012: $76,467,900 (-10.8% since 2008)
(Source: Kentucky Youth Advocates 2010-12 budget analysis)

+Updated 8/15
Louisiana

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $148,422,671
Fiscal 2011: $169,481,060 (+14.2 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $126,461,442
Fiscal 2011: $177,050,000 (+40 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $13,867,718
Fiscal 2011: $15,418,129 (+11.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $5,382,628
Fiscal 2011: $5,585,710 (+3.8 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $294,134,459
Fiscal 2011: $367,534,899 (+25 percent)

Education
Taylor Opportunity Program for Students (Merit-based college scholarships):
Fiscal 2011: $139 million
Fiscal 2012: $154.4 million
(Source: Louisiana Budget Project)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Department of Children and Family Services
:
FY 2011: $185,000,000
FY 2012: $132,000,000 (-$53 million)
(Source: Louisiana Budget Project)

Juvenile Justice
Department of Youth Services:
Fiscal 2011: $132,000,000
Fiscal 2012: $116,000,000

Notes: DYS spending is down $16 million, or 12 percent, and it is down 21 percent since Fiscal 2008). This will result in the closing of alternative schools that serve 900 at-risk youth. The time range for group home treatment programs for troubled teens will be shortened from a six- to nine-month period to a 30-45 day period.
(Source: Louisiana Budget Project)

Maine
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $13,826,444
Fiscal 2011: $18,449,048 (+33.4 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $782,130
Fiscal 2011: $782,130 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $23,801,837
Fiscal 2011: $28,156,578 (+18.3 percent)

+UPDATED 8/2/2011

Maryland
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $103,401,499
Fiscal 2011: $93,714,605 (-9.4 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $107,619,200
Fiscal 2011: $109,600,000 (+1.8 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $4,590,343
Fiscal 2011: $4,590,343 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $22,764,104
Fiscal 2011: $22,764,104 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $238,375,146
Fiscal 2011: $230,669,052 (-3.2 percent)

Education
At-Risk Youth:
SEED School
FY 2011: $8.4 million
FY 2012: $11.3 million

Notes:
SEED is a public residential boarding school for at-risk youth around the state. It currently hosts 240 students and is slated for expansion to 400 students.

Juvenile Justice
Department of Juvenile Services
FY 2011: $270,465,000
FY 2012: $274,126,000

Notes:
The slight increased in the DJS budget will go to personnel expenses such as the restoration of employee furloughs, according a budget analysis from the agency. There will still be a reduction in evidence-based services and the end of the aftercare program Continuum of Opportunity Reentry Program and Services (CORPS), which was supported by federal funds. CORPS provided case management, education assistance, vocational/job training and employment, and community service.

According to an issue brief on juvenile justice and aftercare included with the 2012 Maryland Budget, community alternatives are being cut back because they were underutilized in 2011.

Due to underutilization of alternative services for “committed out-of-home placements for juveniles” – which include Multi-Systemic Therapy, Functional Family Therapy, and Multi-Dimensional Treatment Foster Care – $1.7 million will be cut for funding of these practices during fiscal 2012, which will result in 54 fewer slots in these programs across Maryland than were budgeted for in 2011.

+ Updated 7/27/2011

Massachusetts
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $389,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $560,000,000 (+44 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $8,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $8,000,000 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $39,463,142
Fiscal 2011: $42,548,390 (+7.8 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $9,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $8,750,000 (-2.8 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $445,463,142
Fiscal 2011: $619,298,390 (+39 percent)
Department of Children and Families:
Fiscal 2011: $743.7 million
Fiscal 2012: $737.1 million (-$6.6 million, -0.9 percent)overall, down 15 percent  from Fiscal  2009
Services for Children and Families (foster care):
Fiscal 2011: $247.5 million
Fiscal 2012: $242.8 million (-1.9 percent) down 25.3 percent from 2009
Department of Youth Services:
Fiscal  2011: $144.1 million
Fiscal 2012: $142.5 million (-1.1 percent)  down 15.7 percent from fiscal 2009
Within DYS:
Residential Services for youth committed to DYS
Fiscal 2011: $96.45 million
Fiscal 2012: $96 million (-$451,000); down 25.3 percent from fiscal 2009
Non-Residential Services for youth committed to DYS
FY 2011: $21.6 million
FY 2012: $21.6 million; down 8.6 percent from fiscal 2009
Residential Services for youth detained by DYS
FY 2011: $19.3 million
FY 2012: $18.3 million (-5.2 percent ; down 31.5 percent since fiscal 2009

Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2011: $227.5 million
Fiscal 2012: $210.4 million (- 7.5 percent)

Workforce Development Grants to Community Colleges:

Fiscal 2011: $1.3 million
Fiscal 2012: $1.3 million

Foster Care Financial aid:
Fiscal 2011: $1.1 million
Fiscal 2012: $1.1 million

Foster Care and Adopted Fee Waivers:
Fiscal 2011: $935,000
Fiscal 2012: $935,000
(Source: Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center, massbudget.org)

+UPDATED 8/4/2011

Michigan
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $224,920,385
Fiscal 2011: $182,113,300 (-19 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $96,275,000
Fiscal 2011: $98,875,000 (+2.7 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $17,538,889
Fiscal 2011: $23,676,000 (+35 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $22,982,655
Fiscal 2011: $46,934,200 (+104.2 percent)
Great Start Readiness Program (Pre-K):
Fiscal 2011: $98.9 million
Fiscal 2012: $104.3 million
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $361,716,929
Fiscal 2011: $351,598,500 (-2.8 percent)

Education
Before- and After-School Programs:
Fiscal 2011: $3 million.
Fiscal 2012: Eliminated.
Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2011: $296 million
Fiscal 2012: $284 million (-4 percent)
(Source: Voices for Michigan’s Children Budget Analysis)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Youth in Transition (specialized independent living for kids transitioning from foster care):
Fiscal 2011: $14.2 million
Fiscal 2012: $12.3 million

Foster Care Payments:
Fiscal 2011: $203.2 million
Fiscal 2012: $186 million (-$17.2 million)

Notes:
The drop in state foster care payments is based on the expectation of a 5.5 percent reduction in caseloads, which is connected to the privatization of some child placement services that state believes will save time and money.
(Source: Voices for Michigan’s Children Budget Analysis)

Juvenile Justice
Educational services for juvenile justice facilities
:
Fiscal 2011: $1.342 million
Fiscal 2012: $1.1 million (-27 percent)

Youth Re-entry Initiative
Fiscal 2011: $1.4 million
Fiscal 2012: $1.6 million
(Source: Voices for Michigan’s Children Budget Analysis)

Minnesota
Early Childhood

Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $205,952,000
Fiscal 2011: $234,236,000 (+13.7 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $8,373,000
Fiscal 2011: $9,792,000 (+16.9 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $550,000
Fiscal 2011: $550,000 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $42,050,000
Fiscal 2011: $45,105,000 (+7.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $256,925,000
Fiscal 2011: $289,683,000 (+12.8 percent)

Mississippi
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $106,395,228
Fiscal 2011: $86,361,234 (-18.8 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $626,965
Fiscal 2011: $1,248,645 (+99.2 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $107,022,193
Fiscal 2011: $87,609,879 (-18.1 percent)

+UPDATED 8/2
Missouri

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $259,572,754
Fiscal 2011: $289,850,856 (+11.7 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $14,314,039
Fiscal 2011: $14,757,600 (+3.1 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $23,918,098
Fiscal 2011: $13,000,000 (-45.6 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $297,804,891
Fiscal 2011: $317,608,456 (+6.6 percent)

Education
Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2011: $137.2 million
Fiscal 2012: $127.6 million (-7 percent)

Montana
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $18,820,516
Fiscal 2011: $17,586,143 (-6.6 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $750,000
Fiscal 2011: $750,000 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $2,361,805
Fiscal 2011: $2,368,801 (+.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $21,932,321
Fiscal 2011: $20,704,944 (-5.6 percent)

+UPDATED 8/2/2011

Nebraska
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $85,314,367
Fiscal 2011: $86,167,511 (+1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $3,204,686
Fiscal 2011: $3,365,962 (+5 percent)
Fiscal 2012: $0 - Eliminated
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $600,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,340,000 (+123.3 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $4,399,624
Fiscal 2011: $6,223,584 (+41.5 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $93,518,677
Fiscal 2011: $97,097,057 (+3.8 percent)

Education
Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $86,758,025
Fiscal 2011-2012: $86,758,025
Fiscal 2012-2013: $87,870,147
(Source: Nebraska state government website)

Juvenile Justice
County Juvenile Services Aid:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $1,492,500
Fiscal 2011-2012: $1,477,575
Fiscal 2012-2013: $1,477,575
(Source: Nebraska state government website)

State Juvenile Services Aid:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $587,812
Fiscal 2011-2012: $587,812
Fiscal 2012-2013: $587,812
(Source: Nebraska state government website)

Nevada
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $59,543,900
Fiscal 2011: $59,543,900 (0 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $16,409,739
Fiscal 2011: $3,338,875 (-79.7 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $911,067
Fiscal 2011: $0 (-100 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $105,000
Fiscal 2011: $492,000 (+368.6 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $76,864,706
Fiscal 2011: $63,131,775 (-17.87 percent)

New Hampshire
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $34,781,891
Fiscal 2011: $32,467,152 (-6.7 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010:  (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011:
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $753,222
Fiscal 2011: $1,198,876 (+59.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $331,337
Fiscal 2011: $333,337 (+.6 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $35,866,450
Fiscal 2011: $33,999,365 (-5.2 percent)

New Jersey
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $378,832,000
Fiscal 2011: $398,040,409 (+5.1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $596,094,000
Fiscal 2011: $613,330,000 (+2.9 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $11,545,387
Fiscal 2011: $12,041,639 (+4.3 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent) (info not provided)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $986,471,387
Fiscal 2011: $1,023,412,048 (+3.7 percent)

Education

New Jersey After 3:
Fiscal 2011: $3,000,000
Fiscal 2012: $0

Notes:
The state investment New Jersey After 3, which partners with community-based nonprofit organizations to extend the learning day in New Jersey communities, attracted over $4.5 million in local government and philanthropic support. Virtually all of that funding will go away, according to Mark Valli, President & CEO of New Jersey After 3.

New Mexico
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $96,621,000
Fiscal 2011: $88,612,200 (-8.3 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $19,647,400
Fiscal 2011: $14,833,900 (-24.5 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $2,676,800
Fiscal 2011: $2,676,800 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $154,100
Fiscal 2011: $175,600 (14 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $119,099,300
Fiscal 2011: $106,298,500 (-10.7 percent)

+UPDATED 8/4/2011
New York

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $830,350,427
Fiscal 2011: $893,529,938 (+7.6 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $414,100,000
Fiscal 2011: $414,100,000 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $22,500,000
Fiscal 2011: $28,300,000 (+25.8 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $5,850,000
Fiscal 2011: $5,715,000 (-2.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $1,272,800,427
Fiscal 2011: $1,341,644,938 (+5.4 percent)

Education
Advantage After-School Program:
Fiscal 2010-11: $22.5 million
Fiscal 2011-12: $17.7 million
(Source: Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Healthy Families New York
:
Fiscal 2010-11: $23,288,200
Fiscal 2011-12: $23,288,200
Hoyt Trust Fund (combats child abuse, but also domestic violence):
Fiscal 2010-11: $1,243,700
Fiscal 2011-12: $621,850
Kinship Contract (assistance to people caring for children related to them):
Fiscal 2010-11: $677,500
Fiscal 2011-12: $388,750
Community Optional Preventive Services (program to work with youth and families to reduce reliance on foster care):
Fiscal 2010-11: $24,249,500
Fiscal 2011-12: $12,124,000
Runaway Homeless Youth:
Fiscal 2010-11: $4,711,600
Fiscal 2011-12: $2,355,800
Caseworker Caseload Ratio:
Fiscal 2010-11: $1,514,000
Fiscal 2011-12: $757,200
(Source: Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy)

Juvenile Justice
Youth Development and Delinquency Prevention Programs:
Fiscal 2010-2011: $28,243,400.
Fiscal 2011-2012: $14,121,700.

(Source: Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy)

North Carolina
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $452,794,720
Fiscal 2011: $405,351,728 (-10.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $163,700,000
Fiscal 2011: $161,100,000 (-1.6 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $616,494,720
Fiscal 2011: $566,451,728 (-8.1 percent)

North Dakota
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $10,956,319
Fiscal 2011: $11,403,515 (+4.08 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $3,405,877
Fiscal 2011: $2,552,178 (-25.1 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $245,000
Fiscal 2011: $255,000 (+4.08 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $1,805,540
Fiscal 2011: $1,879,236 (+4.08 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $16,412,736
Fiscal 2011: $16,089,929 (-1.97 percent)

Ohio
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $674,064,773
Fiscal 2011: $674,739,777 (+.1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $35,900,000
Fiscal 2011: $23,300,000 (-35.1 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $20,480,000
Fiscal 2011: $25,900,000 (+26.5 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $2,150,000
Fiscal 2011: $2,150,000 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $734,322,501
Fiscal 2011: $727,817,505 (-.9 percent)

+UPDATED 8/4/2011
Oklahoma

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $180,478,639
Fiscal 2011: $177,713,946 (-1.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $293,412,976
Fiscal 2011: $293,412,976 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $2,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,760,000 (-12 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $475,891,615
Fiscal 2011: $472,886,922 (-.6 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Commission on Children and Youth
Fiscal 2010: $2,294,214
Fiscal 2011: $2,156,561
Fiscal 2012: $2,027,167 (-6 percent)

Juvenile Justice
Department of Juvenile Affairs:
Fiscal 2010: $104,161,835
Fiscal 2011: $99,162,067
Fiscal 2012: $96,187,205 (-3 percent)
(Source: Oklahoma Policy Institute)

Oregon
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $55,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $50,954,000 (-7.4 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (information not verified)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $55,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $50,954,000 (-7.4 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Notes: Depar

+UPDATED 8/4/2011

Pennsylvania
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $809,904,000
Fiscal 2011: $819,860,000 (+1.2 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $86,412,000
Fiscal 2011: $85,240,000
Fiscal 2012: $82,784,000
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $14,522,000
Fiscal 2011: $16,622,000 (+14.5 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $45,880,000
Fiscal 2011: $44,784,000 (-2.4 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $956,718,000
Fiscal 2011: $966,506,000 (+1 percent)

Child Welfare/Family Services

Child Welfare Services Needs-Based Budget:
Fiscal 2010-11: $1,045,607,000
Fiscal 2011-12: $1,000,475,000 (-4 percent)
(Source: Public Citizens for Children and Youth)

TEACH Early Childhood Pennsylvania:
Fiscal 2010: $6.5 million
Fiscal 2011-12: Eliminated

Notes:
TEACH Early Childhood Pennsylvania, a program that pays for child care teachers to take college courses, has been eliminated due to budget cuts. Nearly 2,000 workers will either have to assume the full cost of their classes or stop taking them.

Education
Community Colleges:
Fiscal 2010-11: $235,741,000
Fiscal 2011-12: $212,167,000 (-10 percent)
(Source: Public Citizens for Children and Youth)

+Updated 8/15
Rhode Island

Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $46,836,783
Fiscal 2011: $45,744,686 (-2.3 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $700,000
Fiscal 2011: $700,000 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $792,721
Fiscal 2011: $859,471 (+8.4 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $4,040,406
Fiscal 2011: $4,800,000 (+18.8 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $52,369,909
Fiscal 2011: $52,104,157 (-.5 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Department of Children, Youth and Families:
Fiscal 2011: $237,500,000
Fiscal 2012: $211,000,000

Juvenile Justice
Department of Children, Youth and Families:
Fiscal 2011: $237,500,000
Fiscal 2012: $211,000,000

South Carolina
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $35,513,846
Fiscal 2011: $35,301,796 (-.6 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $35,513,846
Fiscal 2011: $35,301,796 (-.6 percent)

South Dakota
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $25,619,875
Fiscal 2011: $22,348,134 (-12.8 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $ (no statewide program)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,073,728
Fiscal 2011: $1,073,728 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $26,693,603
Fiscal 2011: $23,421,862 (-12.3 percent)

Tennessee
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $257,093,100
Fiscal 2011: $223,107,900 (-13.2 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $83,490,000
Fiscal 2011: $85,404,000 (+2.3 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $12,486,554
Fiscal 2011: $12,893,600 (3.3 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $45,639,700
Fiscal 2011: $49,154,300 (+7.7 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $398,709,354
Fiscal 2011: $370,559,800 (-7.1 percent)

+Updated 8/15

Texas
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $532,000,000
Fiscal 2011: $516,600,000 (-2.9 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $823,300,000
Fiscal 2011: $844,300,000 (+2.6 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $8,900,000
Fiscal 2011: $8,900,000 (0 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $188,011,757
Fiscal 2011: $168,016,650 (-10.6 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $1,552,211,757
Fiscal 2011: $1,537,816,650 (-.9 percent)

Family Services/Child Welfare
Family and Protective Services:

Fiscal 2010: $1,293,397,848
Fiscal 2011: $1,360,354,493
Fiscal 2012: $1,363,909,773
Fiscal 2013: $1,384,060,519
(Children at Risk legislative report)

Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Probation Commission:
Fiscal 2010: $182,774,142
Fiscal 2011: $179,815,944
Fiscal 2012: $162,598,138
Fiscal 2013: $162,799,028

Texas Youth Commission:
Fiscal 2010: $233,191,500
Fiscal 2011: $222,692,522
Fiscal 2012: $171,165,456
Fiscal 2013: $167,854,231

(Source: Children at Risk legislative report)

Notes:
The Texas Youth Commission has begun closure of the Al Price State Juvenile Correctional Facility in Beaumont, part of its effort to close a $117 million shortfall it is facing over the next two years. The closure will result in the loss of 230 jobs; 23 workers will transfer to other facilities.

Utah
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $2,770,600
Fiscal 2011: $2,781,200 (+.4 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $1,800,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,764,000 (-2 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,450,207
Fiscal 2011: $3,971,765 (+173.9 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $10,469,300
Fiscal 2011: $10,214,700 (-2.4 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $16,490,107
Fiscal 2011: $18,731,665 (+13.6 percent)

Vermont
Early Childhood
Vermont has no information available on early childhood spending.

Virginia
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $127,386,377
Fiscal 2011: $133,753,941 (+5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $63,132,253
Fiscal 2011: $67,607,769 (+7.1 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $27,746,467
Fiscal 2011: $26,850,784 (-3.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $1,275,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,275,000 (0 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $219,540,097
Fiscal 2011: $229,487,494 (+4.5 percent)

Washington
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $313,517,761
Fiscal 2011: $403,842,000 (+28.8 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $54,878,000
Fiscal 2011: $54,685,000 (-.4 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $26,437,000
Fiscal 2011: $26,555,000 (+.4 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $235,000
Fiscal 2011: $410,000 (+74.5 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $395,067,761
Fiscal 2011: $485,492,000 (+22.9 percent)

West Virginia
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $71,294,375
Fiscal 2011: $69,534,084 (-2.5 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $89,941,011
Fiscal 2011: $78,843,055 (-12.3 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,078,079
Fiscal 2011: $785,000 (-27.2 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided)
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $162,313,465
Fiscal 2011: $149,162,139 (-8.1 percent)

Wisconsin
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $338,562,000
Fiscal 2011: $342,000,000 (+1 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $125,200,000
Fiscal 2011: $141,700,000 (+13.2 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $2,608,900
Fiscal 2011: $2,626,500 (+.7 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $6,936,900
Fiscal 2011: $6,960,100 (+.3 percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $473,307,800
Fiscal 2011: $493,286,600 (+4.2 percent)

Wyoming
Early Childhood
Child Care:
Fiscal 2010: $14,828,328
Fiscal 2011: $15,237,399 (+2.8 percent)
Prekindergarten:
Fiscal 2010: $1,500,000
Fiscal 2011: $1,500,000 (0 percent)
Home Visiting:
Fiscal 2010: $1,443,300
Fiscal 2011: $1,760,750 (22 percent)
Other Early Childhood Programs:
Fiscal 2010: $ (info not provided
Fiscal 2011: $ ( percent)
State Total:
Fiscal 2010: $17,771,628
Fiscal 2011: $18,998,149 (+6.9 percent)

Notes:
1) All of the spending figures pertaining to early care and early education come from the National Conference of State Legislatures State Profiles.

SEED School

FY 2011: $8.4 million
FY 2012: $11.3 million

 

Notes:

SEED is a public residential boarding school for at-risk youth around the state. It currently hosts 240 students and is slated for expansion to 400 students.